What is Solar Pump?

Solar water pump is driven by the electricity produced by the PV (photovoltaic) panels or the radiant heat generated by collected sunlight. This is the opposite of a diesel or grid electricity water pump. The solar powered pump uses solar energy for operation. It consists of a water storage tank, electrical cables, a breaker/fuse box, a DC water pump, a solar charge controller (MPPT), and a solar panel array. A solar powered water pump is more efficient to operate. These pumps have low maintenance and installation costs. Solar pumps have a lower environmental impact compared to pumps powered by IC engines or utility electricity. The pump with a solar system is a delightful technology with which remote areas can be supplied with water both ecologically and socially. Therefore, it is always the economic technology of choice. Remote areas tend to require mostly diesel engines and human resources for water supply. Solar water pumps are replacing existing pumps and offer many benefits such as weather and socio-economy. These pumps are best suitable for reservoirs and irrigation systems.
green technology company Solar Water Pumps

Working Principle of Solar Water Pump

A solar pump works on the base of the photovoltaic principle. During the working of a solar pump, PV (photovoltaic) systems absorb radiant solar energy and transform it into electricity. This produced electricity supplies to the entire system.

The inverter of the pump converts the direct current output of the PV system into alternating current, which drives the pump. These inverters also adjust the output frequency and voltage in real-time, corresponding to variations in the sunlight intensity to attains the highest power point tracking.

As the intensity of the sunlight becomes weaker, the water lifting system realizes the function of switching the municipal power that works as auxiliary energy for the water lifting system.

Components of Solar Water Pump System

The solar system has the following major parts:

  • Water Pump
  • Solar Panels
  • Batteries
  • Pump Controller
  • Inverter

Advantages of Solar Pump

  1. The solar pump has an easy installation.
  2. It requires less maintenance.
  3. It has low operating costs.
  4. The solar systems work without fuel.
  5. Solar water pumps are easy to move.
  6. It doesn’s require regular utility power.
  7. It can also use in remote areas.
  8. These pumps have high durability and performance.
  9. They have Strong design.
  10. Long service life
  11. These have easy maintenance and use.
  12. Simple installation.
  13. These are environmentally friendly pumps.


Solar Pump Applications

The major applications of the solar pumps are given below:

  • These pumps use to supply water for animals
  • They use for irrigation systems
  • They also use to supply water for drinking and cooking purposes
  • These pumps may also utilize as booster pumps for pumping fluids over long distance
  • Solar pumps use for water treatment applications
  • These also use for the extraction of oil and gas